Welcome to Recreation and Medical Marijuana
Pot, Oil & Hemp
The federal government and or congress one day will have to enact laws that decriminalize pot usage on a federal level in order to allow pot for either medical and or recreation pot smoking or folks will still be considered a criminal on a federal bases.
Welcome to recreation Marijuana “Pot growing out of your ears”
The enormous black market legislatures are creating with out allowing all means of manufacturer of pot and hemp is huge, as the harvestable yield for 6 plants can be as high as 6 to 12 lbs.
Either create a wider market or broker storage lockers to store excess weed until you can transfer it to dispensaries at present, while state licensed businesses should be given the opportunity to purchase weed in all types in order to provide hemp protein, oils, eatables, lotions, and creams, pills, etc., rather then smoking pot.
As a farmer, Washington grew marijuana on his farm and promoted it's growth. (In the 1790s, the crop was grown mainly for its industrial value as hemp and for soil stabilization. It was many years later that the recreational and illegal use of marijuana became popular.) George Washington had 40 acres of Pot growing on his plantation and it took 365 acres to equip a sailing ship for the navy. Legalization of marijuana, creating millions for Oregon in its first week of sales I heard. Well, a Christie would shut that down. I hope a Trump Administration will allow states to determine there own fate in regards to choices like medical marijuana, hemp harvesting for protein, oils or rope, cloths, sails, etc. However, weed grown today for both medical and recreation weed has high THC content while CBD is medically enjoyed. Yet low THC Pot can be grown as well.
I remember when President Fox was interested in exporting jays from Mexico in cigarette type packages to Washington. How about that, exporting weed to America rather then smuggling it in. Well, recreation weed will reduce Mexican weed smuggling, as ak47, Cotton Willow, Afghanistan, Purple Cush, Blue 6, Vortex, and hundreds more have replaced Mexican Pot in rural Oregon. Folks are introducing there own seeds, patenting and or trade marking fancy names.
The ex-Mexican president and the businessman who wants to be known as the Bill Gates of Bud. The would-be mogul, Jamen Shively, is trying to make the leap from Microsoft to marijuana. He's not shy. He wants to plant the first brand-name retail chain in the United States in a market worth upward of $100 billion. "Yes, we are Big Marijuana," he said as cameras clicked. On the table: a pie bigger than the sky. It would involve drugs, suppliers and retailers, and laser-targeted marketing for buyers willing to pay a premium.
The Huffington Post | By Mollie Reilly
Posted: 01/21/2014 3:18 pm EST Updated: 01/25/2014 4:01 pm EST
Bill Gates, the Microsoft founder turned billionaire philanthropist, voted to legalize marijuana in his home state of Washington.
“It's an experiment, and it's probably good to have a couple states try it out to see before you make that national policy," Gates said, noting that he did not expect the measure to pass.
Gates, who is the nation's wealthiest individual and is heavily involved in public health causes, said a key effect of the new law would be its impact on illegal drug trafficking.
"[They're] going to make a lot less money, and some of the perverse things about the illegal drug trade will be avoided," he said.
Press Release | 05/21/2015
First Time Senate Has Voted on Marijuana Law Reform
Amendment Would Allow VA Doctors to Recommend Medical Marijuana to Their Patients in States Where It’s Legal
The Senate Appropriations Committee passed a bipartisan amendment today, 18 to 12, allowing Veterans Administration (VA) doctors to recommend medical marijuana to their patients in states where medical marijuana is legal. The vote is the first time the U.S. Senate has ever moved marijuana law reform legislation forward.
“Veterans in medical marijuana states should be treated the same as any other resident, and should be able to discuss marijuana with their doctor and use it if it’s medically necessary,” said Michael Collins, policy manager for the Drug Policy Alliance. “They have served this country valiantly, so the least we can do is allow them to have full and open discussions with their doctors.”
The Veterans Equal Access Amendment was sponsored by Republican Senator Steve Daines of Montana and Democratic Senator Jeff Merkley of Oregon. It was added in committee to a must-pass military construction and veterans affairs spending bill. The bill is certain to pass on the Senate floor.
“Veterans see this victory as a major step forward in restoring our first amendment rights within the VA,” said TJ Thompson, a disabled Navy veteran. “This will allow for a safe, open dialogue between providers and patients, and allows veterans to be treated the same as any other patient.”
Currently, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) specifically prohibits its medical providers from completing forms brought by their patients seeking recommendations or opinions regarding participation in a state medical marijuana program. The Daines / Merkley amendment authorizes VA physicians and other health care providers to provide recommendations and opinions regarding the use of medical marijuana to veterans who live in medical marijuana states.
In 2002, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed in Conant v. Walters the right of physicians to recommend medical marijuana, regardless of its illegality under federal law, as well as the right of patients to receive accurate information. The Daines / Merkley amendment supports that first amendment right and restores a healthy doctor-patient relationship.
There are numerous federal healthcare programs besides the VA such as Medicaid, Medicare, and CHIP – but only the VA prohibits physicians from discussing and recommending medical marijuana to their patients. A Medicare patient may freely discuss medical marijuana use with her doctor, while a returning veteran is denied the same right.
Studies have shown that medical marijuana can help treat post-traumatic stress and traumatic brain injury, illnesses typically suffered by veterans. A 2014 study of people with PTSD showed a greater than 75% reduction in severity of symptoms when patients were using marijuana to treat their illness, compared to when they were not.
Last year the U.S. House voted five times in favor of letting states set their own marijuana policies. One of the amendments, prohibiting the Justice Department from spending any money in Fiscal Year 2015 undermining state medical marijuana laws, made it into the final spending bill signed into law by President Obama. Advocates of the veterans amendment believe it has a very good chance of making it into the final military construction spending bill that President Obama signs.
A legislative version of the Daines / Merkley amendment was included in groundbreaking Senate medical marijuana legislation introduced in March. The Compassionate Access, Research Expansion and Respect States (CARERS) Act is the first-ever bill in the U.S. Senate to legalize marijuana for medical use and the most comprehensive medical marijuana bill ever introduced in Congress. The bill was introduced by Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ), Rand Paul (R-KY), and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) and generated enormous interest.
With the Appropriations Committee approving one element in the bill, supporters say it is time for the Senate Judiciary Committee to hold hearings on the full bill.
“The politics around marijuana have shifted in recent years, yet Judiciary Chairman Chuck Grassley hasn’t held a hearing on the issue,” said Bill Piper, director of national affairs for the Drug Policy Alliance. “We will move the CARERS Act piece by piece if we have to but now is the time for the Senate to hold a hearing on the bill as a whole.”
Tony Newman (646) 335-5384
The amount you can grow on one plant in the middle of a field, naturally or with nutrients, can be as high as 2lbs of product x 6 plants equals 12 lbs of product. Another example is 10 lbs of product on 9 plants with two plants nutrient bound harvesting pop corn buds. If you do the math, growers transfer their excess crop to dispensaries after they donate to each OMMP patient there allotted amount of 24 ounces, while recreation in Oregon is 8 ounces per person x 4 plants. Using 12 lbs of product refereed to as buds minus 24 ounces or 1.5 lbs, 10.5 lbs of pot can be transferred to dispensaries per one OMMP Patient, provided you have a marijuana lab test the pot.
Examine the pot for mold, chemicals and THC, etc., to include special packaging before a dispensary can accept transfer of pot, logged on the OMMP Patient’s Medical Marijuana Card. Taxes are paid by the dispensary and a grower is allotted an agreed amount for product by ounce or pound for farming skills and cost. And the cost is huge, as you must higher folks for weeks if you are growing 48 plants as the state legislature of Oregon voted 29 to 1 to keep OMMP grows and recreation grows restricted to 48 plants per property, yet farmers were growing 78 to 98 plants on their farms in 2015.
Not with standing black market sells, dispensary weed will be successful for creating taxes and de criminalizing pot in Oregon was necessary. It’s about policy, executive desire to enforce federal law, trumping states constitutional protection of self governance and elections that determine the out come of laws within the powers of the state. Not with standing state legislature ability to enact laws, and or federal intrusion if congress fails to enact an amendment regarding existing class of drugs pot is presently regulated as federally, to the federal government pot users are criminals. Congressional laws must be passed changing federal laws concerning pot so future executive branches will not have to enforce federal laws where they trespass state citizen and state constitutional rights, the vehicles used by all states to join the union. The next President can be a Chris Christie that will enforce federal laws over state laws, thereby exalting all American citizens are the property of the federal government by refusing to acknowledge states rights for their citizens.
A Trump President will have to choose his own path toward figuring out a way folks can be allowed to recoup their cost on the hemp industry, while medical marijuana is not meant to be profitable (quantity – cost = profit). Math suggest either lots of growers donate, transfer to dispensaries, black market sales or folks smoke a lot of pot and by January 2016, Oregon Liquor Control Commission Growers and retail out let licenses will be made available.
I know this, if recreation growers can have 4 plants, but only keep 8 ounces when they can grown 8 lbs of buds that include pop corn buds, then we need away to keep pot off the streets, sold through the black market, by guaranteeing access to retail sell of excess pot for recreation through either OLCC growers as a broker, or create the means to allow brokers to store pot in storage lockers until the pot is transferred to dispensaries or small businesses that should be allowed to buy pot for all uses once they have a license. OLCC could easily issue grower recreation cards for folks that want to transfer their pot to dispensaries that sell oils, other wise; there will be black market oils, chatter and pot.
Chatter, a wax type THC substance is extracted from pot by using co2 or butane. Also, ice cubs and pot make high THC Pot abstract. Pot smoking pen e-cigs for oil or pot and chatter once flamed creates a smoke that is inhaled. Chatter sells for $30.00 to $40.00 a gram and there are 28 grams in an ounce, but teens can’t buy pot or oils, so smart youth make their own oils and chatter and sell to other teens. This is an area to be sure, that will cause youth/teen participations in the pot revolution, so federal taxes for youth/teen drug awareness classes, incentives to stay off pot and being very diligent in the performance of police interaction with youth/teen pot associations must be a high priority.
In the end, pot will be de criminalized in other states, but selling and possession of two much quantity or illegal activities evading detection of grow activities will still be criminal activity. I’m thinking anything more then 48 plants per grow site would be against state law but it’s wasn’t in Marion county in 2015.
During harvest, jobs are created for a month, around five $10.00 an hour jobs that is to clip leaves, buds, hang and dry using trimming machines, cure in glass jars after removing all buds from stems, etc. Big job. Big cost. Hate to see China allowed to export jays. Thirty five years ago, well a kilo cost around $600.00 to $1,200.00, but Oregon grown skunk weed has always been a black market $300.00 an ounce thirty five years ago and today, around $200.00 an ounce or $30.00 to $40.00 an eighth. Mexican weed came in around $25.00 an eighth thirty five years ago and today; good luck finding it in rural Oregon.
Personally, I’d like to see city ordnances saying if your neighbor is adversely affected from neighbors growing and smoking weed in their back yard, then exhaust fans with filters in a smoking enclosed patio would be necessary. If there is no enclosed patio and only the back yard and your neighbor complains then go to a café. Be responsible.
Folks should be allowed to go to a commercial grower to grow for them. Policies must be forth coming, but don’t be fooled, pot will be profitable at some degree and the harm to the youth and adults will become more evident as time moves forward, but the judicial expense will be great, and when a person goes to jail, a state entitlement is born. When you weigh the cost to peoples lives and their families lives being disrupted to the extinct that it becomes impossible to recover their former position when imprisoned, family members are directly affected. Families often become welfare recipients when they loose their spouse as a result of selling an eight to a pound of pot, chatter and or oil, a judicial and law enforcement night mare (youth/teens/adults).
As discussed, brokers that can store your excess pot you grow in a locker, and traced through the dispensary system or licensed businesses that buy all forms of pot, seems reasonable, as during harvest there is a big amount of out door grown pot and in the winter less pot grown outside is available, so storing pot in excess of 24 ounces is not legal, and if you can’t recoup your grow expenses by taking it to dispensaries rather quickly, you must donate the pot.
Big black market of pot has been created, as not all OMMP and or now, recreation growers take their pot to the dispensaries.
How are you going to manage the quantity amount of each plant an OMMP grower can grow?
In fertile soil, lots of nutrients, a plant can yield 2 lbs of pot as I mentioned.
Why not create policy to facilitate commerce of pot in all forms, federally controlled, where FDA, U. S. Agricultural, DEA or ATF won’t have criminal jurisdiction.
Without Broker Storage Centers for holding Pot, evaluating quantity per plant up against legal allowed quantities of pot or oils, leaves many pounds left over for either recreation or OMMP growers, either setting on the pot in specific, selling it on the black market or donating the excess.
If you don’t license storage broker facilities, huge amounts of pot will be grown and not enter the system that should be accounted for by regulation, allowing folks to store their pot until it can enter the dispensary system or licensed businesses that create alternate forms for pot consumption and in time other offerings for your pot in a more industrialized solicitation by manufacturers of cannabis oils and eatables will originate.
Look, hemp rope and cloths can be created, and as CBD and RSO oil are digested by more folks, medical benefit will continue, yet the evolution of either pot or hemp can be and has been beneficial to the ill, sick and physically challenged persons.
Yet lung diseases as a result is warned by licensed OMMP Doctors, but low THC Pot has a pain or nausea remedy, seems to be beneficial to the chronically ill, etc.
Pot can also make you paranoia, helps you with your spasms and desire to eat.
I grew pot that had 14 percent THC and 0.36 percent CBD. I could have posted my plants in the grow room and open field, growing all levels to bloom. This is my first grow and last I’m thinking as the cost hiring trimmers, nutrients, watering labor, clipping the water leaves, managing mold, then using seizers to clip the leaves to find the buds after several weeks of security guards protecting the plants from thieves and a weeks clipping and drying, then curing, man it’s a lot of cash to pay out.
Of course their is a week of drying, and then curing in cannery jars before pot becomes a viable product. And then, after all that, thousands of dollars in expenses if you can't get rid of your excess pot legally, you loose your investment or transfer the pot to a dispensary for $50.00 an ounce. Higher THC pot can bring in $100.00 an ounce.
Enforcing quantity allowances without knowing how much yield each grower’s plants create, would be impossible, so create a better path to get the maximum amount of pot into the system, out right purchased by industrialized cannabis and eatable manufacturers in addition to dispensaries, other wise your just creating a huge under ground friend net work of pot distribution that no taxes are received from.
That’s my take. I have more ideas but only the 1% are listened to unless you’re running for President, then candidates say they will answer your questions or listen to your ideas, but such statements is simply sound bites.
Hogwash, unless you got a million bucks your opinion is nothing but a passing facebook comment.
I’m a thinker and we need other thinkers together working on issues just like those bankers did when they convinced the congress to create the Federal Banking System that is do to be replaced with a money creating federal entity, independent like the FBI with congressional oversight.
Well, I made a clown out of my self so these comments don’t go unheard.
When you regulate a product like Pot without consideration of commerce, with no view as to harvest yield verses legal possession limits, you create a judicial nightmare. Laws shouldn't force Americans to break laws when there is no intent to sale your pot, merely holding on to amounts over legal possession until you can transfer it to dispensaries in ceiled air tight double bagged tested form.
Recreation pot growers, grown by friends or family members can donate pot to you, and if you’re an OMMP you can transfer excess pot grown to dispensaries when they need pot grown outdoors, so as not to hold the pot past the legal amount, past the time the pot turns into product, presently the only way around the law of disposing of pot quickly and still being able to recoup your loses from growing and harvesting, security, etc., costs.
Yet most will just secretly store excess pot and not even enter into the system the product folks will grow. Large cities citizens don’t all have the area to grow pot, so pot on the black market will continue.
Fortunately my first grow was meant for RSO and Medical low THC Pot, and in an effort to be legal, transferring to a medical pot dispensary, donating a pound to helpers and acquiring RSO for a cancer patient was successful.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has given its stamp of approval on synthetic weed for the first time. Earlier this month, the FDA approved the liquid formulation of dronabinol — a synthetic form of the psychoactive compound in cannabis: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Popular Science reports that the synthetic liquid formulation will be sold under the name of Syndros and will be categorized as a Schedule III substance under the Controlled Substances Act. Falling under Schedule III means the liquid formula of dronabinol is for medical use, with low chances of abuse and addiction. In comparison, natural cannabis is classified as Schedule I, which makes it federally illegal and a substance considered to have a high potential for abuse.
Dronabinol has been available since the mid-1980s in a pill form (sold commonly under the brand Marinol) and has been prescribed to treat nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and other cancer medications. What separates Syndros from Marinol is the formula and being a liquid means Syndros might be easier for patients to absorb.
“It is a liquid that is easy-to-swallow and allows for the dosage to be titrated to clinical effect,” says Insys Therapeutics, the parent company manufacturing both Marinol and Syndros, in a press release.
Marinol and Syndros are approved for treating chemotherapy induced nausea and weight loss related to AIDS. But there are some experts who are wary of synthetic cannabis, as it may have limitations. Dr. Perry Solomon, a medical marijuana physician and chief medical officer of HelloMD, told Motherboard that synthetic marijuana does not have the “entourage effect” where all the chemicals in the plant react with each other.
"I think it is really important to understand the difference between a preparation that has gone through clinical development and one that hasn't,” told Catherine Jacobson, director of clinical research at Canadian medical cannabis company Tilray, to Motherboard. “We would like to do research on whole plant extracts. One of the holdups is the lack of safe, reliable, consistent products that are not pharmaceutical products."
CNBC - Ylan Mui – March 14, 2017
“Marijuana dispensaries and manufacturers are increasingly worried that the Trump administration will crack down on enforcement of federal laws that ban growing and selling marijuana — reversing the president's stance during his campaign and potentially upending what has become a $7 billion market. The anxiety was sparked by surprise comments from White House spokesman Sean Spicer last month that the government would likely step up its enforcement of drug laws.
Shortly afterward, Attorney General Jeff Sessions told a conference of state attorneys general that he is "dubious" about the benefits of pot. He reiterated those concerns in an interview with conservative radio talk show host Hugh Hewitt last week.
"Marijuana is against federal law, and that applies in states where they may have repealed their own anti-marijuana laws. So yes, we will enforce law in an appropriate way nationwide," Sessions said. "It's not possible for the federal government, of course, to take over everything the local police used to do in a state that's legalized it. And I'm not in favor of legalization of marijuana. I think it's a more dangerous drug than a lot of people realize."
The comments have set off alarm bells for Chuck Smith, co-founder of Dixie Brands, a Denver-based company that manufactures tinctures, topicals and treats infused with THC, the active ingredient in marijuana. He founded the company in 2010 and now employs more than 100 people across Colorado, California, Nevada and Arizona, with plans to expand in Washington state and Maryland.
"My concern right now for both the company and industry is just uncertainty," Smith told CNBC. "It's hard to build an industry or a company when you don't have clarity."
The administration's remarks also took a toll on shares of Innovative Industrial Properties (IIPR), which invests in marijuana-growing facilities and is one of the few publicly traded cannabis companies. Its stock price tumbled on the day of Spicer's press conference and are down more than 13 percent since then. But two other prominent pot stocks, GW Pharmaceuticals (GW2-FF) and Cara Therapeutics (CARA), have shrugged off the news.
States march onward to more legalization
Eight states now allow recreational use of marijuana, while more than half of states have legalized it for medicinal purposes. Twenty-one states have decriminalized the drug. A recent poll Quinnipiac Poll found 71 percent of voters believe the government should not enforce federal drug laws in states where pot is legal.
Growing acceptance has led to an explosion in the market for marijuana in North America, with sales skyrocketing 34 percent to nearly $7 billion in 2016, according to Arcview Market Research. By 2021, the industry is expected to reach close to $22 billion.
Companies like Dixie Brands are fueling that growth. The privately held company would not provide current figures, but it raised $8 million in 2014 and was valued at $40 million.
Smith said he expects Dixie Brands to double its revenue and its workforce over the next year. It sells products under three brands: Dixie Elixirs spans beverages, breath mints and chocolates. ACESO manufactures product with hemp and cannabinoids for the international market, while Therabis is a line of cannabis-derived pet supplements.
"It's hard for us to kind of go backwards," Smith said. "President Trump said he was going to allow this to be a state's rights issue. ... We took him at his word."
Trump has delivered mixed messages on marijuana. Back in the 1990s, he called for legalizing and regulating all drugs. On the campaign trail, he emphasized his support for medical marijuana and his deference to states to pass their own laws regulations the substance. But Trump, a famous teetotaler, also warned during the election about the effects the drug could have on mental functioning.
The cannabis industry is fighting back by rallying a dozen lawmakers to send a letter to Sessions in support of legal marijuana. Under guidelines issued during the Obama administration, the agency agreed not to enforce federal laws in states where the drug is legal as long as they followed certain guidelines, such as not selling to minors and steering clear of drug cartels. The letter calls on Sessions to uphold that arrangement.
"It is essential that states that have implemented any type of practical, effective marijuana policy receive immediate assurance from the DOJ that it will respect the ability of states to enforce thoughtful, sensible drug policies in ways that do not threaten the public's health and safety," the letter states.
The DOJ did not respond to a request for comment.
'A lot of cliches'
The issue has drawn rare bipartisan support, with signatories including Massachusetts Democrat Sen. Elizabeth Warren and Alaska Republican Sen. Lisa Murkowski. That could prove important as legislation that prevents Justice from devoting funds to enforcement is set to expire next month. The so-called Rohrabacher-Farr amendment was passed as part of the broader resolution on the federal budget — and it could get tangled up once more in the upcoming fight over federal spending.
Taylor West, deputy director of the National Cannabis Industry Association, said the group has focused recently on emphasizing its role in creating new jobs and building domestic manufacturing facilities. An analysis by New Frontier Data, a market research firm specializing in cannabis, forecast the industry would create more than 250,000 jobs by 2020.
"We have had a lot of success in changing the story around what the marijuana industry looks like," West said. "There are a lot of stereotypes and a lot of cliches. It's really important for policymakers in D.C. to understand who this industry really is."”
Toxic waste from U.S. pot farms alarms experts
Reuters - By Sharon Bernstein – 08/06/2017
“Pollution from illegal marijuana farms deep in California's national forests is far worse than previously thought, and has turned thousands of acres into waste dumps so toxic that simply touching plants has landed law enforcement officers in the hospital.
The volume of banned or restricted pesticides and illegally applied fertilizers in the woods dwarfs estimates by the U.S. Forest Service in 2014, when a top enforcement official testified that the pollution was threatening forest land in California and other states.
California accounts for more than 90 percent of illegal U.S. marijuana farming, with much of it exported to other states from thousands of sites hidden deep inside forested federal land, and more on private property, law enforcement officials said. The state is still developing a licensing system for growers even though legal retail sales of the drug will begin next year, and medical use has been allowed for decades.
Ecologist Mourad Gabriel, who documents the issue for the Forest Service as well as other state, local and federal law enforcement agencies, estimates California's forests hold 41 times more solid fertilizers and 80 times more liquid pesticides than Forest Service investigators found in 2013.
Growers use fertilizers and pesticides long restricted or banned in the United States, including carbofuran and zinc phosphide. In previous years, it was commonly sold fertilizers and pesticides that were used illegally, law enforcement officials said.
Exposure to the pesticides has sent at least five law enforcement officials and two suspects to hospitals with skin rashes, respiratory problems and other symptoms, court documents and state data show.
Use of any chemicals in national forests is against federal law, as pesticides have killed sensitive species and fertilizers can cause algae blooms and bacteria problems in rivers and streams.
According to unpublished data seen by Reuters, Gabriel, who has visited more than 100 sites in California and is widely considered the top expert on toxics at marijuana farms, calculated that federal land in California contains 731,000 pounds of solid fertilizer, 491,000 ounces of concentrated liquid fertilizer and 200,000 ounces of toxic pesticides.
If much of the pesticide and fertilizer were released into a single stream rather than scattered around the state in leaky containers, the volume would exceed the amount of chemicals spilled in 2014 into the Elk River in West Virginia, which left 300,000 residents without access to potable water.
"We're getting contamination over and over again at those locations," said Gabriel, as toxins move from unsafe containers into the soil and water.
At sites that state officials said they had cleaned up completely, his team found 30-50 percent of the chemicals were still there.
"They are like superfund sites," said Assistant U.S. Attorney Karen Escobar, whose Fresno office has filed numerous marijuana-related environmental damage cases. Superfund sites are those targeted by the U.S. government for hazardous waste cleanup because of the risk to human health or the environment.
Federal prosecutors have also charged pot growers with environmental crimes in Alaska, Oregon and Washington.
The most toxic sites cost as much as $100,000 to clean up, leaving taxpayers with a bill that could reach $100 million or more in California alone.
"These places aren't safe to go into," said state Assemblyman Jim Wood, who has pushed for cleanup funding.
Use of toxics has grown over the past three to four years, and chemicals have been found at sites in Oregon and Washington as well, said Chris Boehm, the Forest Service's assistant director for enforcement and investigation. "In the last couple years we've lost a lot of the ground we had picked up in eradicating and cleaning up the new sites we find."
The expense and danger of cleanup has created a backlog of 639 illegal marijuana farms awaiting restoration in California, according to U.S. Forest Service data compiled for Reuters. Each farm covers up to 50 acres.
Gabriel said that figure understated the problem, and pointed out that toxics are used at thousands of illegal farms on private and tribal land. After a year or two, growers often abandon sites, leaving containers of chemicals so toxic a quarter-teaspoon could kill a bear.
As California moves to license growers, officials plan to regulate the use of chemicals. But rules can only be enforced against those who cultivate pot legally.
"There are a lot of incentives for continuing to grow illegally," said Washington Fish and Wildlife Deputy Chief Mike Cenci, citing growers' distaste for taxes and red tape.
"We've got 4,000 illegal grows in our county," said Keith Groves, a supervisor of Trinity County in Northern California. "I'll be happy if we can get 500 of them to become licensed."”
(Reporting by Sharon Bernstein; Editing by Ben Klayman and Richard Chang)
Welcome to Recreation and Medical Marijuana
Pot, Oil & Hemp